Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: To quantify the changes in reader performance levels, if any, during interpretation of computed tomographic (CT) colonographic data when a computer-aided detection (CAD) system is used as a second or concurrent reader. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval was obtained, 16 experienced radiologists searched for polyps in 112 patients, 56 of whom had 132 polyps. Each case was interpreted on three separate occasions by using an unassisted (without CAD), second-read CAD, or concurrent CAD reading paradigm. The reading paradigm and case order were randomized, with a minimal interval of 1 month between consecutive interpretations. The readers' findings were compared with the reference-truth interpretation. The mean per-patient sensitivity and mean per-patient specificity with CAD were compared with those achieved with unassisted reading. An increase in per-patient sensitivity was considered to be clinically more important than an equivalent decrease in specificity. RESULTS: The mean per-patient sensitivity for identification of patients with polyps of any size increased significantly with use of second-read CAD (mean increase, 7.0%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.0%, 9.8%) and concurrent CAD (mean increase, 4.5%; 95% CI: 0.8%, 8.2%). The mean per-patient specificity did not decrease significantly with use of second-read CAD (mean decrease, -2.5%; 95% CI: -5.2%, 0.1%) or concurrent CAD (mean decrease, -2.2%; 95% CI: -4.6%, 0.2%). With analysis restricted to patients with polyps 6 mm or larger, the benefit in sensitivity with second-read CAD remained (mean increase, 7.1%; 95% CI: 3.0%, 11.1%), whereas the increase with concurrent CAD was not significant (mean increase, 4.2%; 95% CI: -0.5%, 8.9%). Use of second-read CAD significantly increased the per-polyp sensitivity for polyps 6 mm or larger (mean increase, 9.0%; 98.3% CI: 4.9%, 12.8%) and polyps 5 mm or smaller (mean increase, 5.9%; 98.3% CI: 3.2%, 9.1%), but use of concurrent CAD increased the per-polyp sensitivity for only those polyps 5 mm or smaller (mean increase, 4.8%; 98.3% CI: 2.2%, 7.9%). CONCLUSION: Use of second-read CAD significantly improves readers' per-patient and per-polyp detection. Concurrent CAD is less effective. SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL: http://radiology.rsna.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1148/radiol.10100354/-/DC1.

Original publication

DOI

10.1148/radiol.10100354

Type

Journal article

Journal

Radiology

Publication Date

02/2011

Volume

258

Pages

469 - 476

Keywords

Colonic Polyps, Colonography, Computed Tomographic, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Sensitivity and Specificity